[rescue] ZFS file disaster

Éric Bertrand eric.ricomac at gmail.com
Tue Oct 18 20:09:27 CDT 2016

You could use zfsguru too for importing zfs pool. It's freebsd based with a
web based front-end.

Le 2016-10-18 1:55 AM, "Jonathan Patschke" <jp at celestrion.net> a C)crit :

> On Mon, 17 Oct 2016, Christopher Robinson wrote:
> Recently, after a bad shutdown of opensolaris, the boot archive became
>> corrupted and would not bring up the graphical login.  In text mode, I
>> could see all of my files and I was able to rescue the most important
>> pdf files using the photorec tool. However,of around 300text articles
>> only about 1/6 kept their original author/title labelling.
> Is this x86 or SPARC?  Do have you snapshots of the affected filesystems?
> When you say the text files are mislabeled, do you mean they're in the
> wrong directory or that the contents are corrupt?
> It was suggested to me that I take out theoriginal drive, install
>> opensolaris on a new drive and then reinstall the original drive. When I
>> did this none of the files on the original drive showed up.
> Right.  You'd need to import the old zpool.  Since it's a bootable zpool,
> you need to import it at an alternate root, or it'll mount files in the
> same spot as your new boot pool.
> However, immediately after doing this the system would not boot at all.
> And this will happen.  If you disconnect your old disk, the system will
> probably come up in single-user mode, and you can then export the
> disconnected pool, but you might find a better selection of recovery tools
> on FreeBSD, in the packages tree.
> I do not know if there had been a mechanical failure of the drive or
>> some other issue caused by trying to mount it.
> Could be that.  Could be bad RAM.  Apart from bugs in really early[0] ZFS
> code, I've only had ZFS disasters on machines with dodgy RAM.  Before you
> do anything else read-write on that system, let memtest86+ run on it for a
> few hours.
> I am exploring data recovery options as a last resort, but these are a
>> really awful rip-off.
> Try this:  If your system is x86 (or amd64), install FreeBSD 10.3 or 11.0
> on a scratch disk.  Let it automatically set up ZFS for you, but give your
> root pool a non-default name (I usually use rootvg because I miss AIX).
> You'll probably want to boot the system once and install bash and your
> editor of choice (pkg install bash ; chsh -s /usr/local/bin/bash root ;
> pkg install vim) before you set to work.
> Once you have the base system happy, power down, connect your data disk,
> boot to FreeBSD, and try this:
>         zpool import -o readonly=on -R /data rpool
> Replace "rpool" with whatever your pool was called under OpenSolaris.  If.
> that doesn't work, try a base "zpool import" to get a list of pools
> available to the system.  Give the zpool command above with the GUID of
> your pool.
> Once your pool is imported (read-only), use your scratch disk as a
> lifeboat to carry your files off.
> If you run "zpool status," you'll get a message saying you should upgrade
> the pool.  Do NOT do that; the resulting pool won't mount on OpenSolaris,
> and if you think the filesystem structure is dodgy, you should do as
> little to it as possible.
> If your system is SPARC, doing the same thing with a late release of
> Solaris Express might work.
> [0] OpenSolaris might count, but my corruption happened under Solaris 10u6
>     or so.
> --
> Jonathan Patschke
> Austin, TX
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